Premutations in the FMR1 gene in Serbian patients with undetermined tremor, ataxia and parkinsonism

Milica Pešić*, Nataša Dragašević Mišković, Ana Marjanović, Valerija Dobričić, Nela Maksimović, Marina Svetel, Dijana Perović, Ivana Novaković, Sanja Cirković, Iva Stanković, Vladimir Kostić

*Korrespondierende/r Autor/-in für diese Arbeit


Introduction: Although one of the most common monogenic late-onset neurodegenerative disorders, fragile-X-associated tremor/ataxia syndrome (FXTAS) is still underdiagnosed. The aim of the present study was to estimate the frequency of premutation carriers in patients with unexplained degenerative ataxias, action tremor or parkinsonism, and action tremor with or without associated cognitive impairment. Methods: The study comprised 100 consecutive patients with the disease onset >49 years who had any form of unexplained action tremor, cerebellar ataxia, followed by parkinsonism with or without incipient dementia, and in whom the FMR1 repeats size was determined. Results: Premutation in the FMR1 was identified in two patients (2%): the first, male patient had 83 CGG repeats and the second, female patient had 32 and 58 CGG repeats. Discussion/Conclusion: FXTAS was relatively rare among older patients with unexplained ataxia and action tremor, with or without parkinsonism and/or cognitive impairment. Tremor and ataxia were major clinical features in our two patients, although parkinsonism, autonomic dysfunction and psychiatric problems might be an important part of the spectrum. Probable FXTAS should be considered in the differential diagnosis of patients with unexplained action tremor and ataxia, and undetermined parkinsonism, especially when there was a positive family history for involuntary movement disorders in other family members and/or autism spectrum disorders in younger cousins.

ZeitschriftNeurological Research
Seiten (von - bis)321-326
PublikationsstatusVeröffentlicht - 2021


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