Preliminary results of treatment of invasive bladder carcinoma with radiotherapy and cisplatin

R. Sauer*, K. M. Schrott, J. Dunst, H. J. Thiel, P. Hermanek, C. Bornhof

*Korrespondierende/r Autor/-in für diese Arbeit
20 Zitate (Scopus)


From October 1985 to February 1988, 41 patients with invasive bladder cancers were treated with transurethral resection (TUR) and radiotherapy with simultaneous cisplatin chemotherapy at the University Hospital in Erlangen. Radiotherapy was performed as primary treatment in case of macroscopic residual tumor after TUR (n = 22) or as adjuvant treatment in patients with macroscopically complete transurethral resection (n = 19). Age ranged from 44 to 77 years. Radiotherapy was given in daily fractions of 1.8 Gy. The pelvis was treated with a box up to 41.4 Gy and the bladder was boosted up to 50.4 Gy by a rotation technique. Cisplatin was administered in the first and fifth treatment week on five consecutive days with 25 mg cisplatin/m2 per day as short infusion. Pathohistologic response was examined by control cystoscopy with biopsies from the deep layers 6 weeks after completing radiochemotherapy. Maximum follow-up is 24 months after control cystoscopy. After TUR plus radio-chemotherapy, histologically confirmed complete remission rates according to T-stage were: 7 8 T1-, 26 31 T2-3-, and 2 2 T4-tumors. In patients with macroscopic tumor prior to radiochemotherapy, histological and cytological complete remission was achieved in 2 3 T1-, 14 18 T2-3-, and 1 1 T4-cancers with an overall complete response rate of 77%. In complete responders, 3 isolated local recurrences (2 T1- and one T3-recurrence) and two local recurrences with distant metastases have occurred until now. Six patients had only partial response. Mild to moderate side effects occurred frequently, but overall treatment tolerance was good even in older patients. Complications did not occur. So far, 7 cystectomies have been performed, 6 were a result of persistent or recurrent tumor and one a result of a contracted bladder after multiple TURs. Thirty-four of forty-one patients (83%!) maintained their bladder and normal bladder function. In conclusion, moderate dose radiation therapy (50 Gy) in combination with simultaneous cisplatin chemotherapy is a well-tolerated treatment and highly effective for controlling local disease and preservation of bladder function in invasive bladder cancers.

ZeitschriftInternational journal of radiation oncology, biology, physics
Seiten (von - bis)871-875
PublikationsstatusVeröffentlicht - 10.1988


Untersuchen Sie die Forschungsthemen von „Preliminary results of treatment of invasive bladder carcinoma with radiotherapy and cisplatin“. Zusammen bilden sie einen einzigartigen Fingerprint.