Physio- und sporttherapeutische Interventionen zur Behandlung eines Karpaltunnelsyndroms: Eine systematische Übersichtsarbeit

Julia Katharina Gräf*, Kerstin Lüdtke, Bettina Wollesen

*Korrespondierende/r Autor/-in für diese Arbeit
2 Zitate (Scopus)

Abstract

Background: The treatment of carpal tunnel syndrome (CTS) usually involves surgical decompression of the nerve or splinting and additional medication. Physiotherapy and sports therapy could be non-invasive and alternative treatment approaches with a simultaneous low risk of side effects. Objective: The review systematically summarizes the current studies on the effectiveness of physiotherapy and sports therapeutic interventions for treatment of CTS and focuses on the reduction of symptoms and, as a secondary outcome, improvement of hand function. Material and methods: The systematic review includes randomized controlled trials reporting on physiotherapy or sports therapy interventions published prior to February 2021 in the electronic databases PubMed, CINAHL and Web of Science. Following the guidelines of preferred reporting items for systematic reviews and meta-analyses (PRISMA) and the Cochrane Collaboration, a systematic search of the literature, data extraction and evaluation of the risk of bias using the Cochrane risk of bias tool were conducted by two independent researchers. Results: Out of 461 identified studies 26 were included in the qualitative analysis. The risk of bias in the individual studies was graded as moderate to low. Potential bias might arise due to inadequate blinding of patients and study personnel in some cases as well as due to selective reporting of study results and procedures. Manual therapy proved to be faster and equally effective in reducing pain and improving function in the long term compared to surgery. Mobilization techniques, massage techniques, kinesiotaping and yoga as therapeutic interventions also showed positive effects on symptoms. Conclusion: For the management of mild to moderate CTS, physiotherapy and sports therapeutic interventions are characterized primarily by success after as little as 2 weeks of treatment as well as comparable success to surgery and 3 months of postoperative treatment. In addition, patients are not exposed to surgical risks. The protocol was registered in the International Prospective Register of Systematic Reviews (PROSPERO) with the number 42017073839.

Titel in ÜbersetzungPhysiotherapy and sports therapeutic interventions for treatment of carpal tunnel syndrome: A systematic review
OriginalspracheDeutsch
ZeitschriftSchmerz
Jahrgang36
Ausgabenummer4
Seiten (von - bis)256-265
Seitenumfang10
ISSN0932-433X
DOIs
PublikationsstatusVeröffentlicht - 08.2022

Strategische Forschungsbereiche und Zentren

  • Querschnittsbereich: Gesundheitswissenschaften: Logopädie, Ergotherapie, Physiotherapie und Hebammenwissenschaft

DFG-Fachsystematik

  • 206-07 Klinische Neurologie; Neurochirurgie und Neuroradiologie

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