Penetrating atherosclerotic ulcer of the aorta: Treatment by endovascular stent-graft placement

Holger Eggebrecht*, Dietrich Baumgart, Axel Schmermund, Ulf Herold, Peter Hunold, Heinz Jakob, Raimund Erbel

*Korrespondierende/r Autor/-in für diese Arbeit
48 Zitate (Scopus)


Purpose of the review: To summarize the current clinical experience with endovascular stent-graft repair in patients presenting with penetrating atherosclerotic ulcer of the descending thoracic aorta. Recent findings: Penetrating atherosclerotic ulcer is increasingly acknowledged as a pathologic variant of classic false lumen aortic dissection with a high incidence of bleeding complications and rupture in up to 40% of patients. So far, no generally accepted therapeutic regimen has been established, as the natural history of penetrating atherosclerotic ulcer is not yet fully understood. Recently, however, penetrating atherosclerotic ulcer is increasingly considered to be treated more aggressively (preferentially surgically). Given the high morbidity and mortality of aortic surgery, endovascular stent-graft repair may be an attractive, less invasive alternative in selected patients with penetrating atherosclerotic ulcer. Sealing of a penetrating ulcer by the stent-graft reduces wall stress and thus provides stabilization of the diseased aortic segment. Summary: To date, there is limited experience with endovascular repair in penetrating atherosclerotic ulcer, suggesting that endovascular stent-graft repair is safe and effective. Long-term results are, however, required to fully establish the efficacy of endovascular repair in penetrating atherosclerotic ulcer.

ZeitschriftCurrent Opinion in Cardiology
Seiten (von - bis)431-435
PublikationsstatusVeröffentlicht - 11.2003


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