Occurrence of seizures prior to single-fraction radiosurgery or multi-fraction stereotactic radiotherapy in patients with very few brain metastases

Dirk Rades, Jaspar Witteler, Troels W. Kjaer, Soeren Tvilsted, Steven E. Schild

Abstract

Background/Aim: Seizures represent a major problem for patients with brain metastases. This study evaluated the role of seizures in patients receiving single-fraction radiosurgery (SRS) or multi-fraction stereotactic radiotherapy (FSRT). Patients and Methods: This retrospective study included 195 patients receiving SRS (n=164) or FSRT (n=31) alone for one to three brain metastases. The prevalence of pre- SRS/FSRT seizures and correlations with pre-treatment factors were investigated. These factors plus pre-SRS/FSRT seizures were assessed in regard to survival. Results: Thirty-three patients had pre-SRS/FSRT seizures (prevalence=16.9%). Seizures were significantly correlated with age ≤61 years. Trends were observed for seizures being more frequent in those with NSCLC and those without extra-cranial metastatic spread. On multivariate analysis, significant associations with improved survival were found for Karnofsky performance score ≥80%, breast cancer, and an interval from diagnosis of malignant disease to SRS/FSRT ≥21 months. Conclusion: Younger age, NSCLC and absence of extra-cranial spread appeared to be risk factors for seizures prior to SRS/FSRT. Having seizures prior to SRS/FSRT showed no association with survival.

OriginalspracheEnglisch
ZeitschriftAnticancer Research
Jahrgang40
Ausgabenummer6
Seiten (von - bis)3499-3504
Seitenumfang6
ISSN0250-7005
DOIs
PublikationsstatusVeröffentlicht - 06.2020

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