Abstract

Obesity is characterized by excessive body fat accumulation and comorbidities such as diabetes mellitus, cardiovascular disease, and obstructive sleep apnea syndrome (OSAS). Both obesity and OSAS are associated with immune disturbance, alterations of systemic inflammatory mediators, and immune cell recruitment to metabolic tissues. Chemokine CXCL10 is an important regulator of proinflammatory immune responses and is significantly increased in patients with severe obesity. This research project aims to investigate the impact of CXCL10 on human monocytes in patients with obesity. We studied the distribution of the CD14/CD16 monocyte subsets as well as their CX3CR1 expression patterns in whole-blood measurements from 92 patients with obesity and/or OSAS with regard to plasma CXCL10 values and individual clinical parameters. Furthermore, cytokine secretion by THP-1 monocytes in response to CXCL10 was analyzed. Data revealed significantly elevated plasma CXCL10 in patients with obesity with an additive effect of OSAS. CXCL10 was found to drive monocytic secretion of macrophage migration inhibitory factor via receptor protein CX3CR1, which significantly correlated with the individual body mass index. Our data show, for the first time, to our knowledge, that CX3CR1 is involved in alternative CXCL10 signaling in human monocytes in obesity-related inflammation. Obesity is a multifactorial disease, and further investigations regarding the complex interplay between obesity-related inflammatory mediators and systemic immune balances will help to better understand and improve the individual situation of our patients.

OriginalspracheEnglisch
ZeitschriftImmunoHorizons
Jahrgang8
Ausgabenummer1
Seiten (von - bis)19-28
Seitenumfang10
DOIs
PublikationsstatusVeröffentlicht - 01.01.2024

Strategische Forschungsbereiche und Zentren

  • Forschungsschwerpunkt: Gehirn, Hormone, Verhalten - Center for Brain, Behavior and Metabolism (CBBM)

DFG-Fachsystematik

  • 205-29 Hals-Nasen-Ohrenheilkunde

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