Novel computer vision algorithm for the reliable analysis of organelle morphology in whole cell 3D images - A pilot study for the quantitative evaluation of mitochondrial fragmentation in amyotrophic lateral sclerosis

Janin Lautenschläger*, Christian Lautenschläger, Vedrana Tadic, Herbert Süße, Wolfgang Ortmann, Joachim Denzler, Andreas Stallmach, Otto W. Witte, Julian Grosskreutz

*Korrespondierende/r Autor/-in für diese Arbeit
5 Zitate (Scopus)

Abstract

The function of intact organelles, whether mitochondria, Golgi apparatus or endoplasmic reticulum (ER), relies on their proper morphological organization. It is recognized that disturbances of organelle morphology are early events in disease manifestation, but reliable and quantitative detection of organelle morphology is difficult and time-consuming. Herewe present a novel computer vision algorithm for the assessment of organelle morphology inwhole cell 3D images. The algorithm allows the numerical and quantitative description of organelle structures, including total number and length of segments, cell and nucleus area/volume as well as novel texture parameters like lacunarity and fractal dimension. Applying the algorithm we performed a pilot study in cultured motor neurons from transgenic G93A hSOD1 mice, a model of human familial amyotrophic lateral sclerosis. In the presence of the mutated SOD1 and upon excitotoxic treatment with kainate we demonstrate a clear fragmentation of the mitochondrial network, with an increase in the number of mitochondrial segments and a reduction in the length of mitochondria. Histogram analyses show a reduced number of tubular mitochondria and an increased number of small mitochondrial segments. The computer vision algorithmfor the evaluation of organellemorphology allows an objective assessment of disease-related organelle phenotypes with greatly reduced examiner bias and will aid the evaluation of novel therapeutic strategies on a cellular level.

OriginalspracheEnglisch
ZeitschriftMitochondrion
Jahrgang25
Seiten (von - bis)49-59
Seitenumfang11
ISSN1567-7249
DOIs
PublikationsstatusVeröffentlicht - 01.11.2015
Extern publiziertJa

Strategische Forschungsbereiche und Zentren

  • Zentren: Neuromuskuläres Zentrum Schleswig-Holstein

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