Abstract

Infection with human noroviruses requires attachment to histo blood group antigens (HBGAs) via the major capsid protein VP1 as a primary step. Several crystal structures of VP1 protruding domain dimers, so called P-dimers, complexed with different HBGAs have been solved to atomic resolution. Corresponding binding affinities have been determined for HBGAs and other glycans exploiting different biophysical techniques, with mass spectrometry (MS) and nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) spectroscopy being most widely used. However, reported binding affinities are inconsistent. At the extreme, for the same system MS detects binding whereas NMR spectroscopy does not, suggesting a fundamental source of error. In this short essay, we will explain the reason for the observed differences and compile reliable and reproducible binding affinities. We will then highlight how a combination of MS techniques and NMR experiments affords unique insights into the process of HBGA binding by norovirus capsid proteins.

OriginalspracheEnglisch
ZeitschriftBiochemical Society Transactions
Jahrgang50
Ausgabenummer1
Seiten (von - bis)347-359
Seitenumfang13
ISSN0300-5127
DOIs
PublikationsstatusVeröffentlicht - 28.02.2022

Strategische Forschungsbereiche und Zentren

  • Forschungsschwerpunkt: Infektion und Entzündung - Zentrum für Infektions- und Entzündungsforschung Lübeck (ZIEL)
  • Zentren: Zentrum für Medizinische Struktur- und Zellbiologie (ZMSZ)

DFG-Fachsystematik

  • 204-04 Virologie

Coronavirus-Bezug

  • Forschung zu SARS-CoV-2 / COVID-19

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