Mutations in NSD1 are responsible for Sotos syndrome, but are not a frequent finding in other overgrowth phenotypes

Seval Türkmen, Gabriele Gillessen-Kaesbach, Peter Meinecke, Beate Albrecht, Luitgard M. Neumann, Volker Hesse, Sükrü Palanduz, Stefanie Balg, Frank Majewski, Sigrun Fuchs, Petra Zschieschang, Monika Greiwe, Kirsten Mennicke, Friedmar R. Kreuz, Harald J. Dehmel, Burkhard Rodeck, Jürgen Kunze, Sigrid Tinschert, Stefan Mundlos*, Denise Horn

*Korrespondierende/r Autor/-in für diese Arbeit
102 Zitate (Scopus)

Abstract

Recently, deletions encompassing the nuclear receptor binding SET-Domain 1 (NSD1) gene have been described as the major cause of Japanese patients with the Sotos syndrome, whereas point mutations have been identified in the majority of European Sotos syndrome patients. In order to investigate a possible phenotype-genotype correlation and to further define the predictive value of NSD1 mutations, we performed mutational analysis of the NSD1 gene in 20 patients and one familial case with Sotos syndrome, five patients with Weaver syndrome, six patients with unclassified overgrowth/mental retardation, and six patients with macrocephaly/mental retardation. We were able to identify mutations within the NSD1 gene in 18 patients and the familial case with Sotos syndrome (90%). The mutations (six nonsense, eight frame shifts, three splice site, one missense, one in-frame deletion) are expected to result in an impairment of NSD1 function. The best correlation between clinical assessment and molecular results was obtained for the Sotos facial gestalt in conjunction with overgrowth, macrocephaly, and developmental delay. In contrast to the high mutation detection rate in Sotos syndrome, none of the patients with Weaver syndrome, unclassified overgrowth/mental retardation and macrocephaly/mental retardation, harbored NSD1 mutations. We tested for large deletions by FISH analysis but were not able to identify any deletion cases. The results indicate that the great majority of patients with Sotos syndrome are caused by mutations in NSD1. Deletions covering the NSD1 locus were not found in the patients analyzed here.

OriginalspracheEnglisch
ZeitschriftEuropean Journal of Human Genetics
Jahrgang11
Ausgabenummer11
Seiten (von - bis)858-865
Seitenumfang8
ISSN1018-4813
DOIs
PublikationsstatusVeröffentlicht - 11.2003

Strategische Forschungsbereiche und Zentren

  • Querschnittsbereich: Medizinische Genetik

Fingerprint

Untersuchen Sie die Forschungsthemen von „Mutations in NSD1 are responsible for Sotos syndrome, but are not a frequent finding in other overgrowth phenotypes“. Zusammen bilden sie einen einzigartigen Fingerprint.

Zitieren