Midwifery awareness of diabetes in pregnancy screening guidelines in Aotearoa New Zealand

Lynne Chepulis*, Brittany Morison, Jade Tamatea, Ryan Paul, Louise Wolmarans, Ruth Martis

*Korrespondierende/r Autor/-in für diese Arbeit
1 Zitat (Scopus)



Effective and timely management of gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM) requires early detection. However, screening rates have been shown to be relatively low in New Zealand, despite the introduction of national screening guidelines in 2014 which indicate that all pregnant women should be screened. Thus, the aim of this study was to explore the awareness of the New Zealand Ministry of Health Diabetes in Pregnancy screening guidelines by New Zealand midwives.

A 24-question online survey based upon the New Zealand screening guidelines was distributed via New Zealand midwifery social media groups to explore the awareness of New Zealand midwives with regard to screening for diabetes in pregnancy. Free text comments were also allowed, these were broadly categorized and reviewed.

174 registered midwives in Aotearoa New Zealand completed the survey.
Measurements and findings

All participants responded that they routinely offer glycated haemoglobin screening for detection of undiagnosed pre-gestational diabetes, and 92.9% identified that this should occur prior to 20 weeks gestation (as per the national guidelines). However, less than two thirds of midwives thought that all women should be screened for GDM, with 18.2% indicating they would only do this if immediate risk factors were present. There also appeared to be some confusion over the time period for screening for GDM with 22.9% indicating that this should occur later than the guideline-recommended timepoint of 24–28 weeks gestation. Participants who identified as Māori and community-based midwives were most likely to screen for GDM ‘only if risk factors were present’. Participants practicing for more than 6 years, those aged 45–54 years, and midwives identifying as Māori were most likely to screen for GDM after 28 weeks (though these did not reach statistical significance).
Key conclusions

The New Zealand Diabetes in Pregnancy screening guidelines do not appear to be well implemented in our sample group, particularly with regard to screening for GDM. This needs to be evaluated in a larger group of midwives, as education around the timeliness and importance of screening for all women may be required.
Implications for practice

A lack of appropriate or timely screening for GDM may mean that women are not being diagnosed or managed appropriately, which in turn may have implications for both mother and child.
PublikationsstatusVeröffentlicht - 03.2022

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