Purpose: Endovascular stents are medical devices, which are implanted in stenosed blood vessels to ensure sufficient blood flow. Due to a high rate of in-stent re-stenoses, there is the need of a noninvasive imaging method for the early detection of stent occlusion. The evaluation of the stent lumen with computed tomography (CT) and magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) is limited by material-induced artifacts. The purpose of this work is to investigate the potential of the tracer-based modality magnetic particle imaging (MPI) for stent lumen visualization and quantification.
Methods: In this in vitro study, 21 endovascular stents were investigated in a preclinical MPI scanner. Therefore, the stents were implanted in vessel phantoms. For the signal analysis, the phantoms were scanned without tracer material, and the signal-to-noise-ratio was analyzed. For the evaluation of potential artifacts and the lumen quantification, the phantoms were filled with diluted tracer agent. To calculate the stent lumen diameter a calibrated threshold value was applied.

Results: We can show that it is possible to visualize the lumen of a variety of endovascular stents without material induced artifacts, as the stents do not generate sufficient signals in MPI. The stent lumen quantification showed a direct correlation between the calculated and nominal diameter (r = 0.98).

Conclusion: In contrast to MRI and CT, MPI is able to visualize and quantify stent lumina very accurately.
ZeitschriftInternational Journal of Nanomedicine
Seiten (von - bis)213-221
PublikationsstatusVeröffentlicht - 11.01.2021

Strategische Forschungsbereiche und Zentren

  • Forschungsschwerpunkt: Biomedizintechnik
  • Zentren: Zentrum für Künstliche Intelligenz Lübeck (ZKIL)


  • 205-30 Radiologie, Nuklearmedizin, Strahlentherapie, Strahlenbiologie
  • 205-32 Medizinische Physik, Biomedizinische Technik
  • 205-12 Kardiologie, Angiologie


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