Localization of AT2 angiotensin II receptor gene expression in rat brain by in situ hybridization histochemistry

O Jöhren, T Inagami, J M Saavedra


To localize the gene expression of AT2 angiotensin II receptors in rat brain we performed in situ hybridization histochemistry using 35S-labeled antisense riboprobes. The AT2 receptor mRNA expression pattern was compared in consecutive brain sections, from 2 week old rats, with the receptor expression by means of [125I]Sar1-ANG II binding and displacement with AT2 selective ligands followed by autoradiography. Expression of AT2 receptor mRNA was found in several thalamic nuclei (ventral posterolateral, mediodorsal, central medial, paracentral, and paraventricular), the medial geniculate nuclei, the nucleus of the optic tract, the subthalamic nucleus, the interposed nucleus of the cerebellum, and in the inferior olive. In these areas the AT2 receptor gene expression corresponds well with [125I]Sar1-ANG II binding. In addition, AT2 receptor mRNA expression was found in the red nucleus where no [125I]Sar1-ANG II binding was present. No significant hybridization of the AT2 receptor antisense probe was found in septal nuclei, the locus coeruleus, the dorsolateral geniculate nucleus, or the cerebellar cortex, areas rich in [125I]Sar1-ANG II binding. Our results indicate that some brain regions may be involved in AT2 receptor formation, transporting the receptor protein to other brain areas. However, in most structures, both the formation and expression of receptors occur, suggesting the existence of local AT2 receptor circuits, or that of AT2 autoreceptors. Other structures express only the receptor protein, indicating that these AT2 receptors are produced elsewhere. Our present data are the basis for further studies on the clarification of AT2 receptor pathways in the brain.

ZeitschriftMolecular Brain Research
Seiten (von - bis)192-200
PublikationsstatusVeröffentlicht - 04.1996


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