Lectin-dependent cell-mediated cytotoxicity and blastogenesis by large granular-enriched and depleted lymphocytes

A. Perl, R. Gonzalez-Cabello, T. Laskay, M. Benczur, I. Láng, K. Onódy, K. Nékám, P. Gergely, J. Fehér

Abstract

The role of larger granular-enriched and depleted lymphocytes was studied in lectin-dependent cell-mediated cytotoxicity (LDCC) against adherent HEp-2 human epipharynx carcinoma target cells. LDCC was evaluated by detachment from the monolayer of 3H-thymidine-prelabelled HEp-2 cells in a 24 h assay at effector-target cell ratios of 25:1 and 50:1 in the presence of 25 μg/ml concanavalin A (Con A). Under the aforementioned conditions but in the absence of Con A natural cell-mediated cytotoxicity (NCMC) was not found. However, cytotoxicity was significantly augmented in the presence of Con A (=LDCC) using human peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMC) as effectors. Large granular lymphocytes (LGL), which show high natural killer (NK) activity to K 562 target cells, failed to be cytotoxic against HEp-2 targets similar to large granular depleted lymphocytes (LGL-DL). On the other hand, LGL caused only a slight LDCC; whilst LGL-DL induced strong LDCC activity towards HEp-2 targets. In comparison to LDCC using LGL-DL as effector cells, LGL and LGL-DL mixed at a ratio of 1:2, and added to target cells, had no major effect on LDCC, while a lower level of LDCC was observed at LGL/LGL-DL ratios of 1:1, and 2:1, suggesting the dilution of LGL-DL, potential effectors of LDCC to HEp-2 cells, rather than a specific regulatory role of LGL in LDCC. In parallel studies, the proliferation of LGL-DL in response to Con A was less than that observed with PBMC or LGL. The response could be restored by replacing half of LGL-DL per culture with an equal number of LGL, or by the addition of 10% monocytes. Significant functional differences between LGL and LGL-DL in LDCC as well as in Con A-induced blastogenesis are suggested.

OriginalspracheEnglisch
ZeitschriftClinical and Experimental Immunology
Jahrgang63
Ausgabenummer1
Seiten (von - bis)171-178
Seitenumfang8
ISSN0009-9104
PublikationsstatusVeröffentlicht - 19.03.1986

Strategische Forschungsbereiche und Zentren

  • Forschungsschwerpunkt: Infektion und Entzündung - Zentrum für Infektions- und Entzündungsforschung Lübeck (ZIEL)

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