Lack of correlation between different congestion markers in acute decompensated heart failure

Svenja Haag, Alexander Jobs*, Thomas Stiermaier, Carlo Federico Fichera, Christina Paitazoglou, Ingo Eitel, Steffen Desch, Holger Thiele

*Korrespondierende/r Autor/-in für diese Arbeit
4 Zitate (Scopus)


Background: Hospitalizations for acute decompensated heart failure (ADHF) are commonly associated with congestion-related signs and symptoms. Objective and quantitative markers of congestion have been identified, but there is limited knowledge regarding the correlation between these markers. Methods: Patients hospitalized for ADHF irrespective of left ventricular ejection fraction were included in a prospective registry. Assessment of congestion markers (e.g., NT-proBNP, maximum inferior vena cava diameter, dyspnea using visual analogue scale, and a clinical congestion score) was performed systematically on admission and at discharge. Telephone interviews were performed to assess clinical events, i.e., all-cause death or readmission for cardiovascular cause, after discharge. Missing values were handled by multiple imputation. Results: In total, 130 patients were prospectively enrolled. Median length of hospitalization was 9 days (interquartile range 6 to 16). All congestion markers declined from admission to discharge (p < 0.001). No correlation between the congestion markers could be identified, neither on admission nor at discharge. The composite endpoint of all-cause death or readmission for cardiovascular cause occurred in 46.2% of patients. Only NT-proBNP at discharge was predictive for this outcome (hazard ratio 1.48, 95% confidence interval 1.15 to 1.90, p = 0.002). Conclusion: No correlation between quantitative congestion markers was observed. Only NT-proBNP at discharge was significantly associated with the composite endpoint of all-cause death or readmission for cardiovascular cause. Findings indicate that the studied congestion markers reflect different aspects of congestion. Graphical abstract: [Figure not available: see fulltext.].

ZeitschriftClinical Research in Cardiology
Seiten (von - bis)75-86
PublikationsstatusVeröffentlicht - 01.2023

Strategische Forschungsbereiche und Zentren

  • Zentren: Universitäres Herzzentrum Lübeck (UHZL)


  • 205-12 Kardiologie, Angiologie