Intravascular natural killer cell lymphoma mimicking mycosis fungoides: A case report and review of the literature

Niklas Gebauer*, Ebba J. Nissen, Peter Von Den Driesch, Alfred C. Feller, Hartmut Merz

*Korrespondierende/r Autor/-in für diese Arbeit
6 Zitate (Scopus)


Intravascular lymphoma is a rare entity. Most cases constitute a variant of extranodal diffuse large B-cell lymphoma, and only 10% of the published cases are of T-cell or histiocytic origin. Even fewer cases of intravascular natural killer (NK) cell lymphoma have been reported. To date, only the intravascular lymphoma of B-cell linage is recognized as a distinct entity by the WHO Classification. Here, we report the clinical, morphological, immunohistochemical, and molecular findings of a 72-year-old male patient with intravascular NK-cell lymphoma of the skin who initially presented with red skin efflorescences suspicious of mycosis fungoides. A skin biopsy revealed large cell infiltrates of NK/T-cell phenotype (CD3ε, CD4, CD8, CD56, and TIA-1), which were localized strictly intravascularly and which were positive for Epstein-Barr virus nucleic acid EBER (Epstein-Barr virus-encoded small RNA). Molecular studies revealed a germline configuration for the T-cell receptor consistent with the possibility of an NK-cell origin. At the beginning, the disease appeared to be limited to the skin with no sign of bone marrow involvement or leukemic dissemination. Chemotherapy was initiated; however, the patient subsequently developed meningiosis lymphomatosa with recurrent epileptic episodes and bone marrow infiltration with pancytopenia 7 months after primary admission. Finally, the patient passed away in a septic shock.
ZeitschriftAmerican Journal of Dermatopathology
PublikationsstatusVeröffentlicht - 01.01.2014


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