Interhemispheric interactions between the right angular gyrus and the left motor cortex: A transcranial magnetic stimulation study

Julianne Baarbe, Michael Vesia, Matt J.N. Brown, Karlo J. Lizarraga, Carolyn Gunraj, Gaayathiri Jegatheeswaran, Neil M. Drummond, Cricia Rinchon, Anne Weissbach, James Saravanamuttu, Robert Chen*

*Korrespondierende/r Autor/-in für diese Arbeit


The interconnection of the angular gyrus of right posterior parietal cortex (PPC) and the left motor cortex (LM1) is essential for goal-directed hand movements. Previous work with transcranial magnetic stimulation (TMS) showed that right PPC stimulation increases LM1 excitability, but right PPC followed by left PPC-LM1 stimulation (LPPC-LM1) inhibits LM1 corticospinal output compared with LPPC-LM1 alone. It is not clear if right PPC-mediated inhibition of LPPC-LM1 is due to inhibition of left PPC or to combined effects of right and left PPC stimulation on LM1 excitability. We used paired-pulse TMS to study the extent to which combined right and left PPC stimulation, targeting the angular gyri, influences LM1 excitability. We tested 16 healthy subjects in five paired-pulsed TMS experiments using MRI-guided neuronavigation to target the angular gyri within PPC. We tested the effects of different right angular gyrus (RAG) and LM1 stimulation intensities on the influence of RAG on LM1 and on influence of left angular gyrus (LAG) on LM1 (LAG-LM1). We then tested the effects of RAG and LAG stimulation on LM1 short-interval intracortical facilitation (SICF), short-interval intracortical inhibition (SICI), and long-interval intracortical inhibition (LICI). The results revealed that RAG facilitated LM1, inhibited SICF, and inhibited LAG-LM1. Combined RAG-LAG stimulation did not affect SICI but increased LICI. These experiments suggest that RAG-mediated inhibition of LAG-LM1 is related to inhibition of early indirect (I)wave activity and enhancement of GABAB receptor-mediated inhibition in LM1. The influence of RAG on LM1 likely involves ipsilateral connections from LAG to LM1 and heterotopic connections from RAG to LM1. NEW & NOTEWORTHY Goal-directed hand movements rely on the right and left angular gyri (RAG and LAG) and motor cortex (M1), yet how these brain areas functionally interact is unclear. Here, we show that RAG stimulation facilitated right hand motor output from the left M1 but inhibited indirect (I)-waves in M1. Combined RAG and LAG stimulation increased GABAB, but not GABAA, receptor-mediated inhibition in left M1. These findings highlight unique brain interactions between the RAG and left M1.

ZeitschriftJournal of Neurophysiology
Seiten (von - bis)1236-1250
PublikationsstatusVeröffentlicht - 04.2021


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