ICER (inducible cAMP early repressor) isoforms are transcriptional repressors encoded by the Crem (cAMP responsive element modulator) gene. They were linked to the regulation of a multitude of cellular processes and pathophysiological mechanisms. Here, we show for the first time that two independent induction patterns for CREM repressor isoforms exist in the heart, namely for ICER and smICER (small ICER), which are induced in response to β-adrenergic stimulation in a transient- and saturation-like manner, respectively. This time-shifted induction pattern, driven by two internal promoters in the Crem gene, leads to the predominant transcription of smIcer after prolonged β-adrenergic stimulation. Using an ICER knockout mouse model with preserved smICER induction, we show that the transient-like induction of Icer itself has minor effects on gene regulation, cardiac hypertrophy or contractile function in the heart. We conclude that the functions previously linked to ICER may be rather attributed to smICER, also beyond the cardiac background.
Strategische Forschungsbereiche und Zentren
- Forschungsschwerpunkt: Gehirn, Hormone, Verhalten - Center for Brain, Behavior and Metabolism (CBBM)