Impact of pressure recovery on the assessment of pulmonary homograft function using Doppler ultrasound

Jan Christian Reil*, Christoph Marquetand, Claudia Busch-Tilge, Jule Rohde, Edda Bahlmann, Anas Aboud, Ingo Eitel, Stephan Ensminger, Efstratios I. Charitos, Gert Hinrich Reil, Ulrich Stierle

*Korrespondierende/r Autor/-in für diese Arbeit
2 Zitate (Scopus)


Relevant pressure recovery (PR) has been shown to increase functional stenotic aortic valve orifice area and reduce left ventricular load. However, little is known about the relevance of PR in the pulmonary artery. The study examined the impact of PR using 2D-echocardiography in the pulmonary artery distal to the degenerated homograft in patients after Ross surgery. Ninety-two patients with pulmonary homograft were investigated by Doppler echocardiography (mean time interval after surgery 31 ± 26 months). PR was measured as a function of pulmonary artery diameter determined by computed tomography angiography. Homograft orifice area, valve resistance, and transvalvular stroke work were calculated with and without considering PR. PR decreased as the pulmonary artery diameter increased (r = −0.69, p < 0.001). Mean PR was 41.5 ± 7.1% of the Doppler-derived pressure gradient (Pmax), which resulted in a markedly increased homograft orifice area (energy loss coefficient index [ELCOI] vs. effective orifice area index [EOAI], 1.3 ± 0.4 cm2/m2 vs. 0.9 ± 0.4 cm2/m2, p < 0.001). PR significantly reduced homograft resistance and transvalvular stroke work (822 ± 433 vs. 349 ± 220 mmHg × ml, p < 0.0001). When PR was considered, the correlations of the parameters used were significantly better, and 11 of 18 patients (61%) in the group with severe homograft stenosis (EOAI <0.6 cm2/m2) could be reclassified as moderate stenosis. Our results showed that the Doppler measurements overestimated the degree of homograft stenosis and thus the right ventricular load, when PR was neglected in the pulmonary artery. Therefore, Doppler measurements that ignore PR can misclassify homograft stenosis and may lead to premature surgery.

ZeitschriftPhysiological Reports
PublikationsstatusVeröffentlicht - 12.2022

Strategische Forschungsbereiche und Zentren

  • Zentren: Universitäres Herzzentrum Lübeck (UHZL)


  • 205-12 Kardiologie, Angiologie