Impact of double J stenting or nephrostomy placement during transurethral resection of bladder tumour on the incidence of metachronous upper urinary tract urothelial cancer

Marie C. Hupe, Lukas Dormayer, Tomasz Ozimek, Julian P. Struck, Martin J.P. Hennig, Melanie Klee, Christoph A.J. Von Klot, Markus A. Kuczyk, Axel S. Merseburger, Mario W. Kramer*

*Korrespondierende/r Autor/-in für diese Arbeit
1 Zitat (Scopus)

Abstract

Background: Whether or not double J (DJ) stenting during transurethral resection of a bladder tumour (TURBT) harms patients with regard to possible metachronous upper urinary tract urothelial cancer (UUTUC) development remains controversial. This study evaluated the impact of DJ compared to nephrostomy placement during TURBT for bladder cancer (BCa) on the incidence of metachronous UUTUCs. Methods: We retrospectively analysed 637 patients who underwent TURBT in our department between 2008 and 2016. BCa, UUTUC and urinary drainage data (retrograde/anterograde DJ and percutaneous nephrostomy) were assessed, along with the prevalence of hydronephrosis, and mortality. Chi-square and Fisher's exact test was performed for univariate analyses. Survival analysis was performed by the Kaplan-Meier method and log-rank tests. Results: UUTUC was noted in 28 out of 637 patients (4.4%), whereas only eight (1.3%) developed it metachronously to BCa. Out of these, four patients received DJ stents, while four patients received no urinary drainage of the upper urinary tract. Placement of urinary drainage significantly correlated with UUTUC (50.0% vs. 17.9%; p = 0.041). DJ stenting significantly correlated with UUTUC (50.0% vs. 11%; p < 0.01), while no patient with a nephrostomy tube developed UUTUC. UUTUC-free survival rates were significantly lower for patients with DJ stents than for all other patients (p = 0.001). Patients with or without DJ stents had similar overall survival (OS) rates (p = 0.73), whereas patients with nephrostomy tubes had significantly lower OS rates than all other patients (p < 0.001). Conclusions: Patients with DJ stenting during TURBT for BCa might have an increased risk of developing metachronous UUTUC. This study indicated advantages in placing nephrostomy tubes rather than DJ stents; however, confirmation requires investigation of a larger cohort. Even so, the increased mortality rate in the nephrostomy group reflected hydronephrosis as an unfavourable prognostic factor.

OriginalspracheEnglisch
Aufsatznummer140
ZeitschriftBMC Cancer
Jahrgang20
Ausgabenummer1
DOIs
PublikationsstatusVeröffentlicht - 21.02.2020

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  • Profilbereich: Lübeck Integrated Oncology Network (LION)

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