Impact and change of attitudes toward Internet interventions within a randomized controlled trial on individuals with depression symptoms

Johanna Schröder*, Thomas Berger, Björn Meyer, Wolfgang Lutz, Christina Späth, Pia Michel, Matthias Rose, Martin Hautzinger, Fritz Hohagen, Jan Philipp Klein, Steffen Moritz

*Korrespondierende/r Autor/-in für diese Arbeit
8 Zitate (Scopus)


Background: Most individuals with depression do not receive adequate treatment. Internet interventions may help to bridge this gap. Research on attitudes toward Internet interventions might facilitate the dissemination of such interventions by identifying factors that help or hinder uptake and implementation, and by clarifying who is likely to benefit. This study examined whether attitudes toward Internet interventions moderate the effects of a depression-focused Internet intervention, and how attitudes change over the course of treatment among those who do or do not benefit. Methods: We recruited 1,004 adults with mild-to-moderate depression symptoms and investigated how attitudes toward Internet interventions are associated with the efficacy of the program deprexis, and how attitudes in the intervention group change from pre to post over a 3 months intervention period, compared to a control group (care as usual). This study consists of a subgroup analysis of the randomized controlled EVIDENT trial. Results: Positive initial attitudes toward Internet interventions were associated with greater efficacy (η2 p =.014) independent of usage time, whereas a negative attitude (perceived lack of personal contact) was associated with reduced efficacy (η2 p =.012). Users’ attitudes changed during the trial, and both the magnitude and direction of attitude change were associated with the efficacy of the program over time (η2 p =.030). Conclusions: Internet interventions may be the most beneficial for individuals with positive attitudes toward them. Informing potential users about evidence-based Internet interventions might instill positive attitudes and thereby optimize the benefits such interventions can provide. Assessing attitudes prior to treatment might help identify suitable users.

ZeitschriftDepression and Anxiety
Seiten (von - bis)421-430
PublikationsstatusVeröffentlicht - 05.2018

Strategische Forschungsbereiche und Zentren

  • Forschungsschwerpunkt: Gehirn, Hormone, Verhalten - Center for Brain, Behavior and Metabolism (CBBM)


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