The novel immunosuppressant Sanglifehrin A (SFA) is an immunophilin-binding metabolite with a yet unidentified mechanism of action. Several reports demonstrated the effects of SFA on proliferation and cytokine production of purified T cells with in part different results. However, less is known about the impact of SFA on the regulation of innate immune responses. We used a whole blood assay to investigate the impact of SFA on monocyte responses and T-lymphocyte activity/proliferation upon lipopolysaccharide (LPS) stimulation and anti-CD3/anti-CD28 costimulation, respectively. SFA was found to inhibit interleukin (IL)-2 protein expression of T lymphocytes. Whereas IL-2 mRNA expression was significantly reduced after 4 h of costimulation, the mRNA expression of IL-4 and IL-6 but not tumour necrosis factor (TNF)-α was inhibited by SFA both after 4 and 24 h of costimulation. The production of IL-2 and IL-6 protein in T lymphocytes was even strongly affected by SFA than the mRNA expression of the respective cytokine. Unlike other immunophilin-binding immunosuppressants, SFA also inhibited LPS-induced IL-6 and TNF-α mRNA and protein expression. At the single cell level, SFA was demonstrated to block the intracellular production of IL-6 in CD14+ monocytes but not the expression of other proinflammatory cytokines such as IL-8 and TNF-α. On the basis of these data, we propose that SFA may have a significant effect on the initiation and direction of immune responses. Considering the pleiotropic role of bioactive IL-6 production at the interface of innate and acquired immunity in a variety of disease conditions, it was found that these novel aspects of the unique immunosuppressive action could strongly impact on future clinical application of SFA.
Strategische Forschungsbereiche und Zentren
- Forschungsschwerpunkt: Gehirn, Hormone, Verhalten - Center for Brain, Behavior and Metabolism (CBBM)