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Murine collagen induced arthritis (CIA) is a widely used model of rheumatoid arthritis (RA). Identification of CIA susceptibility genes will aid in the understanding of RA pathogenesis and development of therapeutic targets. This study aims to identify and refine quantitative trait loci (QTL) controlling CIA. Major CIA clinical traits were evaluated in both (DBA/1xFVB/N) F 2 and advanced intercross line (AIL) mice; QTLs were confirmed and refined in AIL. To search for candidate genes, we applied multiple approaches, including gene expression profiling, identification of nonsynonymous polymorphism, and comparative genomic mapping. We identified six suggestive QTLs controlling CIA clinical traits in the F2 progeny; one of these was confirmed and refined in AIL. This QTL is located on chromosome 6 and overlaps with Cia3, which was identified previously. We refined the 2-log support interval of Cia3 into a 5.6 Mb genomic region; 15 of 77 genes are differentially expressed or carry nonsynonymous polymorphisms between two parental strains. The counterpart genomic region of Cia3 on the rat and human genomes are linked to RA. Twenty-nine of 77 genes are located in the arthritis-linked genomic regions of all three species. Five of those 29 genes are differentially expressed or carry nonsynonymous polymorphisms between parental strains: Timp4, Tmem40, Mbd4, Cacna1c, and Lrtm2. Taken together, we refined Cia3 into a 5.6 Mb genomic region on mouse chromosome 6 and identified candidate genes. This will aid in the search for susceptibility gene(s) controlling arthritis development within Cia3 and its counterpart regions in rat and human genomes.
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- 1 Abgeschlossen
Ibrahim, S. & Pierer, M.
01.01.05 → 31.12.09
Projekt: DFG-Projekte › DFG Einzelförderungen