4 Zitate (Scopus)

Abstract

Background: Takotsubo syndrome (TTS) is a reversible form of heart failure with incompletely understood pathophysiology. Objectives: This study analyzed altered cardiac hemodynamics during TTS to elucidate underlying disease mechanisms. Methods: Left ventricular (LV) pressure–volume loops were recorded in 24 consecutive patients with TTS and a control population of 20 participants without cardiovascular diseases. Results: TTS was associated with impaired LV contractility (end-systolic elastance 1.74 mm Hg/mL vs 2.35 mm Hg/mL [P = 0.024]; maximal rate of change in systolic pressure over time 1,533 mm Hg/s vs 1,763 mm Hg/s [P = 0.031]; end-systolic volume at a pressure of 150 mm Hg, 77.3 mL vs 46.4 mL [P = 0.002]); and a shortened systolic period (286 ms vs 343 ms [P < 0.001]). In response, the pressure–volume diagram was shifted rightward with significantly increased LV end-diastolic (P = 0.031) and end-systolic (P < 0.001) volumes, which preserved LV stroke volume (P = 0.370) despite a lower LV ejection fraction (P < 0.001). Diastolic function was characterized by prolonged active relaxation (relaxation constant 69.5 ms vs 45.9 ms [P < 0.001]; minimal rate of change in diastolic pressure –1,457 mm Hg/s vs –2,192 mm Hg/s [P < 0.001]), whereas diastolic stiffness (1/compliance) was not affected during TTS (end-diastolic volume at a pressure of 15 mm Hg, 96.7 mL vs 109.0 mL [P = 0.942]). Mechanical efficiency was significantly reduced in TTS (P < 0.001) considering reduced stroke work (P = 0.001), increased potential energy (P = 0.036), and a similar total pressure–volume area compared with that of control subjects (P = 0.357). Conclusions: TTS is characterized by reduced cardiac contractility, a shortened systolic period, inefficient energetics, and prolonged active relaxation but unaltered diastolic passive stiffness. These findings may suggest decreased phosphorylation of myofilament proteins, which represents a potential therapeutic target in TTS.

OriginalspracheEnglisch
ZeitschriftJournal of the American College of Cardiology
Jahrgang81
Ausgabenummer20
Seiten (von - bis)1979-1991
Seitenumfang13
ISSN0735-1097
DOIs
PublikationsstatusVeröffentlicht - 23.05.2023

Strategische Forschungsbereiche und Zentren

  • Zentren: Universitäres Herzzentrum Lübeck (UHZL)

DFG-Fachsystematik

  • 205-12 Kardiologie, Angiologie

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