HACE1 deficiency leads to structural and functional neurodevelopmental defects

Vanja Nagy, Ronja Hollstein, Tsung Pin Pai, Michel K. Herde, Pisanu Buphamalai, Paul Moeseneder, Ewelina Lenartowicz, Anoop Kavirayani, Georg Christoph Korenke, Ivona Kozieradzki, Roberto Nitsch, Ana Cicvaric, Francisco J. Monje Quiroga, Matthew A. Deardorff, Emma C. Bedoukian, Yun Li, Gökhan Yigit, Jörg Menche, E. Ferda Perçin, Bernd WollnikChristian Henneberger, Frank J. Kaiser, Josef M. Penninger*

*Korrespondierende/r Autor/-in für diese Arbeit
1 Zitat (Scopus)

Abstract

ObjectiveWe aim to characterize the causality and molecular and functional underpinnings of HACE1 deficiency in a mouse model of a recessive neurodevelopmental syndrome called spastic paraplegia and psychomotor retardation with or without seizures (SPPRS).MethodsBy exome sequencing, we identified 2 novel homozygous truncating mutations in HACE1 in 3 patients from 2 families, p.Q209 and p.R332. Furthermore, we performed detailed molecular and phenotypic analyses of Hace1 knock-out (KO) mice and SPPRS patient fibroblasts.ResultsWe show that Hace1 KO mice display many clinical features of SPPRS including enlarged ventricles, hypoplastic corpus callosum, as well as locomotion and learning deficiencies. Mechanistically, loss of HACE1 results in altered levels and activity of the small guanosine triphosphate (GTP)ase, RAC1. In addition, HACE1 deficiency results in reduction in synaptic puncta number and long-term potentiation in the hippocampus. Similarly, in SPPRS patient-derived fibroblasts, carrying a disruptive HACE1 mutation resembling loss of HACE1 in KO mice, we observed marked upregulation of the total and active, GTP-bound, form of RAC1, along with an induction of RAC1-regulated downstream pathways.ConclusionsOur results provide a first animal model to dissect this complex human disease syndrome, establishing the first causal proof that a HACE1 deficiency results in decreased synapse number and structural and behavioral neuropathologic features that resemble SPPRS patients.

OriginalspracheEnglisch
Aufsatznummere330
ZeitschriftNeurology: Genetics
Jahrgang5
Ausgabenummer3
Seiten (von - bis)e330
ISSN2376-7839
DOIs
PublikationsstatusVeröffentlicht - 01.06.2019

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  • Querschnittsbereich: Medizinische Genetik

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