Background. The goal of this study was to analyze long-term consequences of ifosfamide-induced nephrotoxicity on growth and renal function in children treated for cancer. Procedure. In a retrospective study, departments for pediatric oncology and nephrology in Germany, Austria, and Switzerland were asked to report patients with serious long-term nephrotoxicity after ifosfamide-treatment. Data at first appearance of renal dysfunction and at the last renal examination were collected using a standardized questionnaire. Results. Fifty-nine patients with tubulopathy (35 severe, 24 moderate) following ifosfamide therapy were eligible for analysis of long-term outcome (median follow-up 4 years, range 1.1 to 12.9). Median height standard deviation score was significantly reduced at renal diagnosis, and at last renal examination (-1.7 and -2.1 respectively, P < 0.01 at each point in time). Patients with tubulopathy also had stunted growth in comparison with a control group of cancer patients without renal disease (mean difference at last examination: 7.3 cm (95% confidence interval: 2.5 to 12.1 cm). In patients with severe tubulopathy, glomerular filtration rate deteriorated significantly over time. End-stage renal disease was reported in one patient only, not solely caused by ifosfamide. Conclusion. Depending on the extent of tubular dysfunction, patients with ifosfamide-induced nephrotoxicity experienced significant growth impairment and a slow decline in glomerular filtration rate.
Strategische Forschungsbereiche und Zentren
- Forschungsschwerpunkt: Gehirn, Hormone, Verhalten - Center for Brain, Behavior and Metabolism (CBBM)