Frühzeitiges Auftreten eines Fingolimod-assoziierten Makulaödems

D. Schelenz*, I. Kleiter, J. Schöllhammer, J. Rehrmann, M. Elling, H. B. Dick, V. Kakkassery

*Korrespondierende/r Autor/-in für diese Arbeit


Background: Fingolimod, a disease-modifying sphingosine 1‑phosphate receptor modulator, which was approved in Germany in 2011, decreases the relapse rate and reduces neuroinflammation in patients with relapsing-remitting multiple sclerosis. Macular edema is a well-known ocular side effect of fingolimod therapy. Specific intervals for ophthalmologic check-ups after starting fingolimod and definite treatment schedules for fingolimod-associated macular edema are, however, still lacking. Case report: We present a case of early fingolimod-associated macular edema in a 45-year-old female patient with relapsing-remitting multiple sclerosis. The patient complained about visual impairment 1 month after the start of fingolimod and visited an eye specialist. Funduscopic examination and imaging diagnostics revealed macular edema in both eyes. The treatment with fingolimod was immediately stopped. For therapy of macular edema topical application of nepafenac and oral acetazolamide were given. During the 6 months of treatment the macular edema completely disappeared and visual function recovered completely. Discussion: At the time of diagnosis, it is fundamentally important to discuss the continuation of fingolimod administration with the attending neurologist and if necessary to discontinue the drug. Regular ophthalmologic check-ups at 4‑week intervals over a period of 3 months are meaningful after beginning fingolimod treatment. As before, it is still a key aspect to determine predictive opthalmologic and neurological factors before beginning treatment to evaluate which patients are at risk of fingolimod-associated macular edema.

Titel in ÜbersetzungEarly onset of fingolimod-associated macular edema
Seiten (von - bis)424-428
PublikationsstatusVeröffentlicht - 01.05.2018


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