Förderliche und hinderliche Faktoren für die Durchführung der medizinischen Rehabilitation bei Jugendlichen mit Skoliose vor und während der SARS-CoV-2-Pandemie: Eine qualitative Studie


PURPOSE: Based on the experience during the SARS-CoV-2 pandemic, the study aimed to derive facilitating and hindering factors in the implementation of medical rehabilitation during future pandemics in adolescents with scoliosis.

METHODS: A qualitative study design with guided expert interviews was chosen. Twelve interviews with adolescents and seven interviews with physiotherapists were conducted. The evaluation was carried out using qualitative content analysis according to Mayring and inductive categorization.

RESULTS: For 83.3% of the adolescents a therapy considering individual patient needs was a facilitator. Good information management (91.7%), continued availability of leisure activities (66.7%), and a high perception of safety (100%) were facilitating. 71.4% favoured outdoor therapy. The increased exertion caused by wearing a mask (91.7%) and the shortened therapy times (66.7%) were seen as barriers. For 75.0% of the adolescents, social contacts were more difficult. All therapists stated that communication between patients and therapists was more difficult.

CONCLUSION: For successful rehabilitation during the SARS-CoV-2 pandemic, depending on weather conditions, therapy should be outside, as there is no need to wear mouth-nose protection outdoors. In addition, the physiotherapeutic treatment (Schroth therapy) should be carried out without mask due to the intensity of the exercise. Social contacts among all adolescents should be supported as much as possible. The leisure activities should provide a wide choice and enough free places. Continuation of certain hygienic measures could help to reduce the incidence of illnesses (e. g., gastrointestinal infections) in the future. These were barely noticed in rehabilitation facilities during the pandemic.

Titel in ÜbersetzungFacilitating and Hindering Factors in the Implementation of Medical Rehabilitation of Adolescents with Scoliosis before and during the SARS-CoV-2 Pandemic: A Qualitative Study
ZeitschriftDie Rehabilitation
Seiten (von - bis)89-99
PublikationsstatusVeröffentlicht - 16.04.2024

Strategische Forschungsbereiche und Zentren

  • Profilbereich: Zentrum für Bevölkerungsmedizin und Versorgungsforschung (ZBV)


  • Forschung zu SARS-CoV-2 / COVID-19