Direct-PCR from rectal swabs and environmental reservoirs: A fast and efficient alternative to detect bla(OXA-48) carbapenemase genes in an Enterobacter cloacae outbreak setting.

Katja Probst, Sébastien Boutin, Isabel Späth, Martin Scherrer, Nicole Henny, Delal Sahin, Alexandra Heininger, Klaus Heeg, Dennis Nurjadi


Carbapenemase-producing bacteria are a risk factor in clinical settings worldwide. The aim of the study was to accelerate the time to results during an outbreak situation with bla(OXA-48)-positive Enterobacter cloacae by using a real-time multiplex quantitative PCR (qPCR) directly on rectal swab specimens and on wastewater samples to detect carbapenemase-producing bacteria. Thus, we analyzed 681 rectal swabs and 947 environmental samples during a five-month period by qPCR and compared the results to culture screening. The qPCR showed a sensitivity of 100based methods. Environmental screening for bla(OXA-48)-carbapenemase genes by qPCR revealed reservoirs of different carbapenemase genes that are potential sources of transmission and might lead to new outbreaks. The rapid identification of patients colonized with those isolates and screening of the hospital environment is essential for earlier patient treatment and eliminating potential sources of nosocomial infections.
ZeitschriftEnvironmental Research
PublikationsstatusVeröffentlicht - 01.01.2022