Diarrhea and flatulence are major bowel disorders after radical cystectomy: Results from a cross-sectional study in bladder cancer patients

Marie C. Hupe, Winfried Vahlensieck, Tomasz Ozimek, Julian P. Struck, Martin J.P. Hennig, Hossein Tezval, Christoph A. von Klot, Axel S. Merseburger, Markus A. Kuczyk, Mario W. Kramer*

*Korrespondierende/r Autor/-in für diese Arbeit


Objectives: We had previously demonstrated changes in defecation after radical cystectomy (RC). Reports addressing long-term bowel disorders following RC are rare. This cross-sectional study evaluates long-term bowel issues in a large cohort. Material and methods: A questionnaire assessing changes in bowel function (diarrhea, constipation, urge to defecate, sensation of incomplete defecation, and flatulence) and its effect on quality of life was developed based on the gastrointestinal quality of life index and distributed in collaboration with the German bladder cancer support group. There were 431 evaluable questionnaires. For the analyses, we focused on patients that had the RC>1 year ago (n = 324). Results: Current bowel problems were reported by 42.6% of patients. The most frequent bowel problems were flatulence (48.8%), diarrhea (29.6%), and sensation of incomplete defecation (22.5%). In cases of bowel problems, 39.7% and 59.8% of the patients indicated life restriction and dissatisfaction, respectively. Prevalence of diarrhea and flatulence were significantly higher>12 (vs. ≤12) months following RC. Both symptoms significantly correlated with younger age at RC, life restriction, lower quality of life, lower health state, and lower energy level. Additionally, diarrhea significantly correlated with pouches as urinary diversion (vs. ileal conduit or ureterocutaneostomy) and higher dissatisfaction level. Conclusions: To our knowledge this is the largest cohort evaluating long-term bowel symptoms after RC. Diarrhea is a prominent symptom after RC with a high impact on daily life that leads to dissatisfaction. A better understanding of long-term bowel symptoms could be translated into optimized surgical procedures, postoperative medication/nutrition, and patient education.

ZeitschriftUrologic Oncology: Seminars and Original Investigations
Seiten (von - bis)237.e1-237.e8
PublikationsstatusVeröffentlicht - 01.05.2018

Strategische Forschungsbereiche und Zentren

  • Profilbereich: Lübeck Integrated Oncology Network (LION)


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