Comparison of Two Cisplatin Regimens for Chemoradiation in Patients With Squamous-cell Carcinoma of the Head and Neck

Inga Zwaan, Tamer Soror, Karl L. Bruchhage, Samer G. Hakim, Steven E. Schild, Dirk Rades*

*Korrespondierende/r Autor/-in für diese Arbeit
3 Zitate (Scopus)

Abstract

Background/Aim: Many patients with squamous-cell carcinoma of the head and neck receive cisplatin-based chemoradiation. This retrospective study compared two chemoradiation programs to help identify the optimal cisplatin-regimen. Patients and Methods: Forty-one patients assigned to chemoradiation with two cycles of 20 mg/m2/days(d)1-5 were compared to 78 patients assigned to chemoradiation with two cycles of 25 mg/m2/d1-4. Groups were compared for toxicity, loco-regional control (LRC), and survival. Results: Both treatments were associated with similar rates of oral mucositis, radiation dermatitis, xerostomia, nausea, decreased renal function, and hematotoxicity. The cisplatin-regimen had no significant impact on LRC (p=0.41) or survival (p=0.85). Survival was significantly worse with radiotherapy interruptions (>1 week) or discontinuation (p<0.001) and administration of <80% of the planned cisplatin dose (p<0.001). Conclusion: Both cisplatin-regimens did not differ significantly regarding toxicities, LRC, and survival. It is important to avoid interruption or discontinuation of radiotherapy and to administer ≥80% of planned cisplatin.

OriginalspracheEnglisch
ZeitschriftAnticancer Research
Jahrgang43
Ausgabenummer2
Seiten (von - bis)795-800
Seitenumfang6
ISSN0250-7005
DOIs
PublikationsstatusVeröffentlicht - 02.2023

Strategische Forschungsbereiche und Zentren

  • Profilbereich: Lübeck Integrated Oncology Network (LION)
  • Zentren: Universitäres Cancer Center Schleswig-Holstein (UCCSH)

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