Claudin-1 is a tight junction protein that has been demonstrated to be involved in tumorigenesis and tumor progression in various types of solid tumors. In the present study, the protein expression of claudin-1 in squamous cervical cancer tissues obtained from 106 patients was analyzed by immunohistochemistry. In addition, the grade of claudin-1 expression was analyzed for associations with certain clinicopathological parameters. A significant overexpression of claudin-1 was detected in the tumor cells, when compared with that in the peritumoral stroma. There was no significant association between claudin-1 expression and FIGO stage, tumor size, grading or the appearance of distant metastases. Cervical cancer patients scoring positive for claudin-1 protein expression tended to exhibit more lymph node metastasis (28.3%), compared with claudin-1-negative patients (7.1%). Regarding overall survival, the results of the present study suggest a better prognosis for claudin-1-negative patients. In order to elucidate whether claudin-1 overexpression has a significant prognostic impact on squamous cervical cancer, further studies are required.
Strategische Forschungsbereiche und Zentren
- Profilbereich: Lübeck Integrated Oncology Network (LION)
- Profilbereich: Zentrum für Bevölkerungsmedizin und Versorgungsforschung (ZBV)