Most patients with epidermolysis bullosa acquisita develop an autoimmune response to the non-collagenous (NC) 1 domain of type VII collagen. We report a 4-year-old girl of white European descent presenting with widespread blistering disease involving the face, hands, genital area and oral mucosa. Histopathology revealed subepidermal blisters, and linear deposits of IgG and C3 were seen along the dermal-epidermal junction on direct immunofluorescence (IF) microscopy of a perilesional skin biopsy. On indirect IF microscopy, circulating autoantibodies exclusively stained the dermal side of 1 mol L-1 NaCl-split skin. The patient's IgG autoantibodies labelled a 290-kDa protein on Western blotting of dermal extracts, and reacted with the NC1, NC2 and triple helical domains of type VII collagen on immunoblotting of recombinant and cell-derived fragments obtained by pepsin and collagenase digestion of the full-length protein. Oral methylprednisolone and dapsone led to clearance of lesions, which healed with mild scarring and milia formation. Treatment was discontinued after 1 year and the patient has now been in remission for more than 3 years.
Strategische Forschungsbereiche und Zentren
- Forschungsschwerpunkt: Infektion und Entzündung - Zentrum für Infektions- und Entzündungsforschung Lübeck (ZIEL)