"Auto-CPAP"-Therapie des obstruktiven Schlafapnoe-Syndroms. Eine prospektive randomisierte Untersuchung während der Therapie-Einleitung

J H Ficker, G H Wiest, G Lehnert, C J Fischer, A Katalinic, E G Hahn


OBJECTIVE: The efficacy and acceptance of self-regulated continuous positive airway pressure (auto-CPAP) ventilation was compared with conventional CPAP administration in the treatment of patients with obstructive sleep apnoea.

PATIENTS AND METHODS: Using a cross-over design, under polysomnographic monitoring in a sleep laboratory, 25 patients with obstructive sleep apnoea underwent conventional CPAP or auto-CPAP treatment. Using a questionnaire, patients gave their assessment of its acceptability and efficacy after each treatment session.

RESULTS: The mean pressure during treatment was the same in the two groups (7.2 +/- 1.9 versus 7.1 +/- 1.9 mbar; no significant difference). Maximal pressure during auto-CPAP averaged 3.7 +/- 2.1 mbar higher than during conventional CPAP ventilation. The mean apnoea-hypopnoea index (AHI) during auto-CPAP, 4.4 +/- 4.3 mbar, during auto-CPAP was significantly higher than during conventional CPAP treatment (2.8 +/- 2.8 mbar; P = 0.044). In eight patients on auto-CPAP an AHI of 5 or less could not be reached, while an AHI of 5 or less was obtained in all but three patients under conventional CPAP. In a subgroup of 17 patients, in whom a reduction of AHI to at most 5 was achieved with both conventional and auto-CPAP, analysis of sleep pattern and of arousals was similar with the two forms of ventilation. Several patients reported that with auto-CPAP falling in sleep was more difficult and they slept less well. None of the patients preferred auto-CPAP.

CONCLUSION: By means of the auto-CPAP neither a pressure reduction nor an improvement in compliance could be achieved. Therapeutic effectiveness was significantly less as with conventional CPAP therapy.

Titel in ÜbersetzungAuto-CPAP treatment in obstructive sleep apnea syndrome: a prospective randomized study during initiation of treatment
ZeitschriftDeutsche medizinische Wochenschrift (1946)
Seiten (von - bis)1482-8
PublikationsstatusVeröffentlicht - 28.11.1997


Untersuchen Sie die Forschungsthemen von „"Auto-CPAP"-Therapie des obstruktiven Schlafapnoe-Syndroms. Eine prospektive randomisierte Untersuchung während der Therapie-Einleitung“. Zusammen bilden sie einen einzigartigen Fingerprint.