Actual management of patients with familial ascending aortic aneurysms and type-a aortic dissections

Ernst Weigang*, X. C. Chang, S. Munk-Schulenburg, H. Richter, P. Von Samson, H. Goebel, A. Frydrychowicz, A. Geibel, S. Ammann, L. Schwering, T. Brunner, T. Severin, M. Czerny, F. Beyersdorf

*Korrespondierende/r Autor/-in für diese Arbeit
6 Zitate (Scopus)


Background: There are few families with the diagnosis of ascending aortic aneurysm and acute type-A aortic dissection inherited as an autosomal-dominant disorder in the absence of a known genetic syndrome. Methods: We investigated a family with 26 members in whom ascending aortic aneurysms and acute type-A aortic dissections occurred over three generations. Examinations were performed to identify family members at specific risk. Results: Six members presented with acute type-A aortic dissections and three relatives had ascending aortic aneurysms. Clinical examinations showed no characteristics of a known genetic syndrome. Molecular genetic analysis revealed no mutations known to cause a form of autosomal-dominant inherited aortic disease. Conclusion: Adequate diagnostic measures are mandatory in families with ascending aortic aneurysms or type-A aortic dissections to identify or exclude family members at risk for aortic diseases. Even in the absence of identifiable mutations causing isolated aortic aneurysms or aortic dissections, we recommend standardised examinations of all first-degree relatives of affected families. An indication for prophylactic aortic root replacement should be considered for patients at risk.

ZeitschriftThoracic and Cardiovascular Surgeon
Seiten (von - bis)19-23
PublikationsstatusVeröffentlicht - 01.02.2007


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