A succinate dehydrogenase with novel structure and properties from the hyperthermophilic archaeon Sulfolobus acidocaldarius: Genetic and biophysical characterization

Silke Janssen, Günter Schäfer*, Stefan Anemüller, Ralf Moll

*Korrespondierende/r Autor/-in für diese Arbeit
35 Zitate (Scopus)

Abstract

The sdh operon of Sulfolobus acidocaldarius DSM 639 is composed of four genes coding for the 63.1-kDa flavoprotein (SdhA), the 36.5-kDa iron-sulfur protein (SdhB), and the 32.1-kDa SdhC and 14.1-kDa SdhD subunits. The four structural genes of the sdhABCD operon are transcribed into one polycistronic mRNA of 4.2 kb, and the transcription start was determined by the primer extension method to correspond with the first base of the ATG start codon of the sdhA gene. The S. acidocaldarius SdhA and SdhB subunits show characteristic sequence similarities to the succinate dehydrogenases and fumarate reductases of other organisms, while the SdhC and SdhD subunits, thought to form the membrane-anchoring domain, lack typical transmembrane α- helical regions present in all other succinate:quinone reductases (SQRs) and quinol:ifumarate reductases (QFRs) so far examined. Moreover, the SdhC subunit reveals remarkable 30% sequence similarity to the heterodisulfide reductase B subunit of Methanobacterium thermoautotrophicum and Methanococcus jannaschii, containing all 10 conserved cysteine residues. Electron paramagnetic resonance (EPR) spectroscopic studies of the purified enzyme as well as of membranes revealed the presence of typical S1 [2Fe2S] and S2 [4Fe4S] clusters, congruent with the deduced amino acid sequences. In contrast, EPR signals for a typical S3 [3Fe4S] cluster were not detected. However, EPR data together with sequence information implicate the existence of a second [4Fe4S] cluster in S. acidocaldarius rather than a typical [3Fe4S] cluster. These results and the fact that the S. acidocaldarius succinate dehydrogenase complex reveals only poor activity with caldariella quinone clearly suggest a unique structure for the SQR of S. acidocaldarius, possibly involving an electron transport pathway from the enzyme complex into the respiratory chain different from those for known SQRs and QFRs.

OriginalspracheEnglisch
ZeitschriftJournal of Bacteriology
Jahrgang179
Ausgabenummer17
Seiten (von - bis)5560-5569
Seitenumfang10
ISSN0021-9193
DOIs
PublikationsstatusVeröffentlicht - 09.1997

Strategische Forschungsbereiche und Zentren

  • Forschungsschwerpunkt: Infektion und Entzündung - Zentrum für Infektions- und Entzündungsforschung Lübeck (ZIEL)

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