68Ga-DOTATATE PET/CT in the Localization of Head and Neck Paragangliomas Compared with Other Functional Imaging Modalities and CT/MRI

Ingo Janssen, Clara C Chen, David Taieb, Nicholas J Patronas, Corina M Millo, Karen T Adams, Joan Nambuba, Peter Herscovitch, Samira M Sadowski, Antonio T Fojo, Inga Buchmann, Electron Kebebew, Karel Pacak


UNLABELLED: Pheochromocytomas/paragangliomas overexpress somatostatin receptors, and recent studies have already shown excellent results in the localization of sympathetic succinate dehydrogenase complex, subunit B, mutation-related metastatic pheochromocytomas/paragangliomas using (68)Ga-DOTATATE PET/CT. Therefore, the goal of our study was to assess the clinical utility of this functional imaging modality in parasympathetic head and neck paragangliomas (HNPGLs) compared with anatomic imaging with CT/MRI and other functional imaging modalities, including (18)F-fluorohydroyphenylalanine ((18)F-FDOPA) PET/CT, currently the gold standard in the functional imaging of HNPGLs.

METHODS: (68)Ga-DOTATATE PET/CT was prospectively performed in 20 patients with HNPGLs. All patients also underwent (18)F-FDOPA PET/CT, (18)F-FDG PET/CT, and CT/MRI, with 18 patients also undergoing (18)F-fluorodopamine ((18)F-FDA) PET/CT. (18)F-FDOPA PET/CT and CT/MRI served as the imaging comparators.

RESULTS: Thirty-eight lesions in 20 patients were detected, with (18)F-FDOPA PET/CT identifying 37 of 38 and CT/MRI identifying 23 of 38 lesions (P < 0.01). All 38 and an additional 7 lesions (P = 0.016) were detected on (68)Ga-DOTATATE PET/CT. Significantly fewer lesions were identified by (18)F-FDG PET/CT (24/38, P < 0.01) and (18)F-FDA PET/CT (10/34, P < 0.01).

CONCLUSION: (68)Ga-DOTATATE PET/CT identified more lesions than other imaging modalities. With the results of the present study, and the increasing availability and use of DOTA analogs in the therapy of neuroendocrine tumors, we expect that (68)Ga-DOTATATE PET/CT will become the preferred functional imaging modality for HNPGLs in the near future.

ZeitschriftJournal of nuclear medicine : official publication, Society of Nuclear Medicine
Seiten (von - bis)186-91
PublikationsstatusVeröffentlicht - 02.2016


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